University Challenge – Christmas 2019, Episode 3 – Guildhall School of Music and Drama v UCL


APPLAUSE Christmas University Challenge. Asking the questions –
Jeremy Paxman. Hello. It’s time for two more teams
of distinguished alumni to put down their wassail cups
and pay attention, as some challenging questions await
them in the third fixture in this short and what passes
for festive series. AUDIENCE CHUCKLES
Their aim is not only to win but to do so with a total that’s
among the four highest scores from these first round matches. This would bring them back to play
again in the semifinals – which may be more of a threat
than a promise, I suppose. Now, the Guildhall School of Music
and Drama is represented first by a singer. In a distinguished
solo career she specialised in baroque music
and she’s presented for the BBC for ten years. With her,
an actor whose extensive credits include Nicholas Nickleby at the
Chichester Festival Theatre, After The Dance
with the Oxford Stage Company and five years with
the Propeller Theatre Company. We’ve seen him in the film
Shakespeare In Love and his TV CV includes
Absolutely Fabulous, The Bill and Bad Girls. 2019 saw their captain
win an Olivier Award for her performance in All About Eve
at the Noel Coward Theatre and receive a Bafta nomination
for the television series A Very English Scandal,
having previously won a Bafta Award for playing Rosemary West in the TV
drama Appropriate Adult. For her writing, she’s been
nominated for an Olivier for her play The Beasts. Many of us will also know
her as the unignorable senior communications officer
Tracey Pritchard in the BBC’s
mirror-gazing comedy W1A. Guildhall School of Music and
Drama was apparently renamed “Mucus and Trauma” by the year
of which their fourth player was a member. A distinguished
theatre career has taken him from the West End to Broadway. He played Michael Palin
in Holy Flying Circus. He came to an unfortunate
end in Downton Abbey and he can now be seen
in the Netflix series The Crown. Let’s meet the Guildhall team. Hello, I’m Catherine Bott. I trained
at the Guildhall long, long ago. I have been a singer and now I’m
a regular presenter on Classic FM. Hello, I’m Bob Barrett. I was at the
Guildhall from 1986 to 1989 and I’m an actor and at present
I play Dr Sacha Levy in Holby City. And this is their captain.
Hello, my name’s Monica Dolan. I trained at the Guildhall
between 1989 and 1992 and I’m now an actor and writer. Hello, I’m Charles Edwards.
I graduated from Guildhall in 1992 and I work as an actor in theatre,
film and television. APPLAUSE Now, playing them,
the University College London team is fielding first a man who in 2003
achieved the astonishing feat of walking and swimming solo
from Canada to the North Pole. He then conducted research surveys
of the floating sea ice in the Arctic Ocean, and he now
dedicates his time to preserving the wildlife and the
floating ice reef ecosystem of the Arctic Ocean’s
international waters. He aims, with the UN, to have
created the world’s largest protected marine area by 2032. Now, their second team member
began her career in Beijing, where she reported
for Channel 4 News and the BBC. Back in the UK, she’s been
a senior broadcast journalist, making investigative films for
Newsnight and writes essays, articles and, currently, a novel. She’s an editor
at the History Workshop Journal and the co-founder of the conflict
prevention network Never Again. Their captain was born in Iran and
grew up in London. As a presenter, she currently
broadcasts to an estimated worldwide audience of 100 million. As a business presenter
on BBC World News, she’s interviewed some of the world’s top CEOs
and covered some of the biggest business stories of the past
two decades, including the economic impact
of the 9/11 attacks and the global financial crisis. Their fourth team member
has published over 500 papers in the fields of radar,
antennas and sonar and serves as editor in chief of the Institute of Engineering
and Technology Journal. He’s received numerous awards
in his field. In 1997, he became a fellow of the
Royal Academy of Engineering, and in 2019 New Year’s Honours list he received an OBE for services
to engineering. Now let’s meet the UCL team. Hello, I’m Pen Hadow.
I was at UCL in 1984 and left with a geography degree. I went on to spend much of my time
exploring the Arctic Ocean and I now lead 90 North’s work
conserving and protecting the wildlife
of the North Pole region. I’m Poppy, I studied history at UCL and I’m now a writer
and a journalist. And this is their captain.
I’m Maryam Moshiri. I read Italian at UCL, graduated in
2000 and I’m now a news presenter on the BBC’s global-facing
news channel BBC World News. Hello, I’m Hugh Griffiths.
I graduated from UCL with a PhD in electronic engineering in 1986, and I’m a professor of electronic
engineering at UCL. APPLAUSE Right. The rules
are the same as ever. 10 points for starter questions,
15 for bonuses. So, fingers on the buzzers.
Here’s your first starter for 10. Thought to derive from Old French
words meaning “a spark” or “to twinkle like a star,” what word was originally an
adjective describing a type of satin interwoven with gold
or silver thread, and is now the name given
to fine metallic strands used to decorate Christmas trees? Tinsel. Tinsel is correct, yes. Right, your bonuses are on the films
of Doris Day, who died in 2019. In each case, name the film in which
the following lines appear. Firstly, “This town ain’t big
enough, not for me “and that frilled-up, flirtin’,
man-rustlin’ petticoat, it ain’t.” Any ideas? Doris Day fans? THEY CONFER Pillow talk. No, it’s Calamity Jane. Secondly, “Mr Allen, this may come
as a surprise to you, “but there are some men
who don’t end every sentence “with a proposition.” AUDIENCE CHUCKLESIs that actual Doris Day…
THEY LAUGH
Is it Pillow Talk? That is Pillow Talk, yes,
with Rock Hudson. And, finally, “Que sera, sera,
whatever will be will be.” The Man Who Knew Too Much. Correct. 10 points for this. Designed by James Maxwell
and Charles Tuke, which coastal tourist attraction
marked its 125th anniversary in 2019? The tallest structure
in Britain at the time of its construction,
it is said to have been… POPPY: Blackpool Tower. Well, Blackpool Tower. It is Blackpool Tower.
But did you get there yourself?I did. Good. OK, fine.
I’ll take your word for it.
LAUGHTER Good. Blackpool Tower is correct. You be quiet, Poppy. LAUGHTER Right. Bonuses now
on marine biology. The colossal and giant species
of which sea animal have eyes up to 27cm in diameter, the largest of any known
living animal? Is it the giant squid? It is the squid, yes. And secondly, the deep sea
dragonfish Malacosteus niger has a derivative of what pigment
normally found only in plants or bacteria in the retina of its
eye, enabling it to see both blue and red light? Do you think it’s chlorophyll? Um… Yeah. Chlorophyll. Correct. And finally, having a thick,
internal calcified shell, which cephalopod has the most acute
polarisation vision of any animal, enabling it to see aspects
of light invisible to humans? What’s a cephalopod?Any ideas? Um…A crab, I can’t do better
than a crab. A crab. No, it’s a cuttlefish. 10 points for this. The Belgian cosmologist and priest
Georges Lemaitre is usually credited with first
formulating which theory, stating that the universe began
at a finite time in the past and is expanding? Its name comes from Fred Hoyle’s
scornful description of the theory in a radio broadcast. Big Bang Theory. Big Bang Theory is correct, yes. You get a set of bonuses
on varieties of orange. Also known as Shamouti, which
variety of sweet orange takes its name from an ancient
Mediterranean port city that was amalgamated
with Tel Aviv in 1950? Jaffa. Jaffa is correct.
Similar to a mandarin or tangerine, which fruit takes its name from
a former Japanese province associated with a style of pottery? Satsuma. Satsuma is correct. And finally,
often used for making marmalade, the sour or bitter orange is named
after which city in southern Spain? Seville. Correct. We’re going to take a picture round
now. For your picture starter, you’re going to see the tag line
from a well-known Christmas film as it appeared on the film’s
French release poster. For ten points give me the film’s
English title. Home Alone. Home Alone is correct. We follow on from Home Alone.
For your picture bonuses, identify three more Christmas films
from their French tag lines. Again, I just need the film’s
original English title in each case. Firstly… Oh, is it a Christmas film? Does it have to be a Christmas film? What are those little…gremlins?Yeah. Is it Gremlins?It is Gremlins, yes. Secondly… PDG is chief executive. Oh, is that… Working Girl. Is it Working Girl? No, it’s Trading Places. And finally… No, a Christmas film, is it, 1988? 40 steps… Is it a tiny step?Storey.Storey. 40 storeys?Sorry, don’t know. It’s Die Hard.
It was 40 Floors Taken Hostage. But – bad luck. OK. Ten points for this. Which British actor’s film
roles included Scott of the Antarctic in 1948… John Mills. John Mills is correct. Yes. Your bonuses, Guildhall, are on some
of the 15 women described as forces for change on the cover
of British Vogue’s September 2019 issue, guest edited
by the Duchess of Sussex. In each case, I want you to identify
the person from the description. Firstly, a principal dancer with
the Royal Ballet who appears as Victoria the Kitten in the 2019
live action film of the musical Cats. Francesca Hayward. Francesca Hayward. Correct. Secondly, a Somali-born
boxer based in London. She aims to compete for the country
of her birth at the 2020 Olympics. THEY WHISPER Can’t remember the name… No idea. Sorry. That’s Ramla Ali. And finally, the woman who became Prime Minister of New Zealand
in October 2017. Jacinda Ardern. Correct. Ten points for this. In which Commonwealth Country does the evergreen tree Pohutukawa
feature on festive… New Zealand. New Zealand is correct. Yes. Your bonuses are on Joyce Grenfell’s
comic monologue Nursery School, in which she plays a teacher
encouraging her infants to be flowers, each answer
is the given name of one of those infants. Firstly, “a carrot isn’t a flower.
A holly leaf isn’t a flower.” To which child does Grenfell
address those words? He shares his name with
the director of Dog Day Afternoon. WHISPERING Sidney. Sidney is correct. Referring
to some unspecified misdemeanour, to which child does Grenfell
address the words, “don’t do that?” He shares his name with the author of The Lion and the Unicorn:
Socialism and the English Genius. George Orwell? George. Correct. “Bouncing isn’t dancing.
Don’t argue, dear.” To whom does Grenfell say
these words? He shares his name with a US popular
music performer born in 1935.Danny Kaye? No.Danny Kaye. No, it’s Elvis. Ten points for this.
Named after a town in Venezuela and formulated as a tonic by the
German surgeon, Johann Siegert, what preparation is made from
gentian herbs and spices and is added to cocktails such as a
Manhattan… Angostura bitters. Correct. Your bonuses are on scientific
and technical terms. In each case, give the word
from the description. All three begin with the same
three-letter prefix. First, the broad field of scientific
study that is the earthly equivalent of aerology and selenology. THEY CONFERMaybe the sky. Sky.No, no, no, I… LAUGHTER No, no, it’s geology. A term meaning produced
by the internal heat of the Earth and used, for example, of energy sources. Geothermal. Geothermal. Correct. And finally, searching for
hidden objects using GPS, that is the global positioning
system. Science…is that techno…? Mapping?Yes. Mapping?I don’t know. No.No, I don’t know. Don’t know. Sorry. It’s geocaching. Ten points for this. In 2019, during the second Ashes Test
at Lord’s, Marnus Labuschagne became
the first concussion substitute when which player was forced to
retire from the match? Steve Smith. Steve Smith is correct. Yes. APPLAUSE Right, your bonuses are on
mistletoe, you’ll be pleased to hear,
Guildhall. Mistletoe is the emblematic flower
of which English county? Its market towns include Leominster,
Ledbury, and Ross-on-Wye. Sorry! Herefordshire. Herefordshire is correct. Yes. Answer through your captain.
I’m so sorry. You don’t need to press the buzzer
on a bonus. Got carried away. Secondly, in Norse mythology,
which trickster god caused Hodr to murder his brother Baldr with
an arrow of mistletoe wood? THEY WHISPER Woden? No, it was Loki. According to a Latin epic poem,
which cousin of Hector used a golden bough of mistletoe to gain entry
into the world of souls? WHISPERING Orpheus? Orpheus. No, it’s Aeneas. Right, we’re going to take a music
round now. For your music starter, you’re going to hear an excerpt from
a symphony by a British composer. For ten points,
I want the composer’s name. LIVELY CHORAL SINGING You may not confer. Vaughan Williams. It is Vaughan Williams, it’s the third movement
of his first symphony. Well done. The Sea Symphony, a setting
of several poems by Walt Whitman, whose bicentenary fell in 2019. Your music bonuses are three more
settings of Whitman’s poetry, all from the 20th century. I want the name of the composer
in each case, please. Firstly, another British composer. SOMBRE CHORAL MUSIC Holst? No, that’s Delius’s Sea Drift. And secondly, this German composer. DRAMATIC CHORAL MUSIC THEY CONFER Hindemith? It is Hindemith. Well done. And finally, this US composer. # I am he who kisses his comrade # Lightly on the lips # At parting # And I am one who is kissed # In return… #Bernstein.
It is Leonard Bernstein. Well done.
Ten points for this. What did JK Galbraith describe
as “choosing between the disastrous “and the unpalatable?” His statement contrasts with
a remark attributed to Bismarck, referring to it as
“the art of the possible.”Politics.
Politics is correct, yes.
Your bonuses this time, UCL,
are on real-life people who appear in the Asterix books. Firstly, which five-times winner
of the Tour de France is depicted as a native messenger
in the 1979 book Asterix in Belgium? Bernard Hinault.Bernard Hinault.
No, it’s Eddy Merckx.
Secondly, which actor
played Quasimodo in the 1939 film adaptation
of The Hunchback of Notre Dame? In Asterix and the Golden Sickle he’s drawn as the Prefect
Surplus Dairyprodus. Any 1939 actors? Any knowledge of actors? No?We don’t know. Sorry.
That was Charles Laughton.
And finally, in Asterix
and the Big Fight, who appears as
the druid Psychoanalytix, who’s asked to cure
Getafix’s amnesia? He died in Hampstead in 1939.Sigmund Freud?
It was Sigmund Freud, yes.
Ten points for this one, then. Who’s this?
Born in 1877 in San Francisco, her teaching and performances paved the way for modern,
expressive dance. In 19th… Isadora Duncan. It is indeed, yes. These bonuses are on the fashion
designer Elsa Schiaparelli. Schiaparelli is often associated
with which adjective, using it both in the title
of her autobiography and in the name of a shade
she introduced in 1937? THEY CONFERShocking. Shocking.Shocking is correct. In which comic novel of 1949
does the narrator Fanny say that she longed to put the label
of her Schiaparelli jacket on the outside so that people
would know where it came from? It’s one of three.
Love in a Cold Climate, er…Yes. Love in a Cold Climate.Shall we say that? Yeah.
Love in a Cold Climate. Correct. The allure of
a Schiaparelli evening dress forms a crucial part of the
narrative of The Girls of Slender Means, a short novel of 1963
by which writer? Muriel Spark.Muriel Spark. Correct.Ten points
for this starter question. Each year since its opening
in 1692, which institution
has marked the festive season with the ceremony
of the Christmas Cheeses? Charles II authorised the building to care for those
broken by age or war. The Chelsea…Hospital. I’ll accept, it’s the Royal
Hospital, Chelsea. Right, you get the bonuses, then,
they’re on names. Each answer ends in
the same two letters. Give the single word
from the description. Firstly, a dance in quadruple time
the name of which also appears in the NATO spelling alphabet.Foxtrot. Correct.Second, Fulica atra,
a dark-coloured water bird somewhat larger than a moorhen.Coot. Coot is correct.And finally, a fictional character
awaited by Vladimir and Estragon. Godot.Godot. Godot is correct, yes.We’re going to take
another picture round. For your picture starter
you’re going to see a publicity photograph for a notable
television documentary series. For ten points
I want the title of the series. Erm… Civilisation. Civilisation, A Personal View
is correct. Yes, it was Kenneth Clarke. So, to mark 50 years
since the broadcast of Clarke’s landmark films,
for your picture bonuses, I want you to identify
three more authored, long-form documentaries
that followed in its footsteps. Again, I just need
the series title each time. Firstly, this 1972 series. A single-word title is enough here. Alistair Cooke’s America? Alistair Cooke’s America? No, I told you I wanted
a single-word title.America.
America is correct. Yes.
I’ll accept that. Secondly, this 1973 series. Tutankhamun? No, that’s The Ascent of Man,
presented by Jacob Bronowski. who you see in that picture, but it does look as if
it’s about Tutankhamun, but it’s actually
about The Ascent of Man. And finally, this 1980 series. This is a black and white photo
from a series in colour. THEY CONFER Is it The Shock of the New?The Shock of the New.
It is The Shock of the New,
presented by Robert Hughes,
well done. Right, ten points for this.
An authority on surrealism, who wrote the script for the cult 1967 comedy slapstick film
Smashing Time? As a jazz singer
he was associated with… George Melly. George Melly is correct, yes. Your bonuses are on recipients of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts
Bancroft Gold Medal. In each case, identify the actor
from their roles. Firstly, Jacquetta Woodville in the 2013 miniseries
The White Queen, Hubert in the 2011 film
Albert Nobbs, and Clementine Churchill
in the 2009 film Into the Storm. No idea. That was Janet McTeer. Secondly, Eileen Cole
in the 1989 film My Left Foot, Petunia Dursley
in the Harry Potter films, and Carolyn Martens’
head of MI6 Russia section in the TV series Killing Eve? Fiona Shaw.Fiona Shaw. Correct.And finally, Annie,
the mother of Laurie Lee in the TV film Cider With Rosie, Paula in the 2002 film
Bend It Like Beckham, and the grieving Nina
in the 1991 film Truly, Madly, Deeply?Juliet Stevenson. Juliet Stevenson.Correct. Ten points for this. Since the 1960s, a humanlike figure,
seemingly slightly bent at the hip, dropping an unspecified object
into a waste receptacle, has appeared as a logo
of the organisation now known by what three-word… Keep Britain Tidy. Correct. Yes. You get three questions on
a gift of the Magi. Who was Prime Minister
when the United Kingdom abandoned the gold standard
in 1931?What’s that got to do with
the gift of the Magi? It’s gold.
Oh, gold. OK. Come on. Frank, someone Frank? Come on, I need an answer.Chamberlain. Chamberlain.No, it wasn’t,
it was Ramsay MacDonald. The Klondike gold rush
occurred in Canada in which decade
of the 19th century? ’30s, was it? No, the 19th century… I think 1880s. 1880s. No, it was the 1890s. Finally,
which play by Shakespeare includes the line,
“All that glisters is not gold?” Come on. 12th Night. No, it’s the Merchant of Venice.
Ten points for this. GONG And at the gong, the Guildhall
School of Music and Drama have 120 points, University College London have 165. Well, Guildhall, I mean,
you didn’t do badly at all. 120 is a perfectly respectable
score. Absolutely, yes! You seem quite surprised! Thank you very much. Congratulations, UCL. We’ll look forward to
seeing you again if you’re one of the four
highest-scoring winning teams. I hope you can join us next time
for another first round match, but until then, it’s goodbye from the Guildhall School
of Music and Drama. ALL: Goodbye! It’s goodbye from University
College, London. ALL: Goodbye! And it’s goodbye from me.
Goodbye.

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