University Challenge – Christmas 2019, Episode 2 – Birmingham City U. v Wadham College, Oxford

APPLAUSE Christmas University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. Time to open another window
on our intellectual advent calendar and gawp at a couple of teams
of grown-ups doing battle for the honour
of their former institution. We’re playing seven matches in this
first round, but, out of seven winning teams, only the four with the
highest scores will go through to the next stage. Now, Birmingham City University
is represented by a professional landscape architect, who also writes and broadcasts
on her chosen field. If anyone doubts her competitive
nature, they should know she’s already fought her way to six
gold medals at the Chelsea Flower Show. With her, an award-winning actor. As well as her work
on radio and television, she’s provided voices for
numerous audio books, as well as for all the female
characters in Postman Pat. And, since 1986, she’s played
the most insufferable character in the entire canon
of Western fiction. LAUGHTER Their captain is another
familiar radio voice, having presented pretty much
every programme on Radio 3. He’s presented the BBC Proms, hosted concerts from
the Royal Albert Hall, Wigmore Hall
and the Barbican Centre, and he writes and presents
arts documentaries. Their fourth member has been
described by John Updike as a writer of hallucinatory skill. He won the Guardian Fiction Prize and the Whitbread First Novel
Award for Continent, the EM Forster Award
for Signals Of Distress, and the James Tait Black
Memorial Prize for Harvest. Let’s meet the
Birmingham City team. Hi, I’m Bunny Guinness. I gained a postgraduate diploma in
landscape architecture in 1981. I’ve written a column in
the Telegraph for many years and I now run a landscape design
practice with my daughter Unity. I’m also a regular panel member for Radio 4’s
Gardeners’ Question Time, which I’ve been doing since
the end of the last century. Hello, I’m Carol Boyd. I went to Sheffield,
ostensibly to study English, but decided it was much
too difficult and sidetracked to the Birmingham
School of Speech and Drama. After a circuitous journey
through the theatre, etc, I found myself in Ambridge
playing Lynda Snell. And, for anyone who’s interested, I am currently auditioning
for next year’s pantomime. LAUGHTER And their captain. Hello, I’m Ian Skelly. I graduated from Birmingham in 1986 with a degree in journalism
and communications studies. I went on to be a reporter for
the BBC and a presenter in news, and then eventually joined Radio 3 and now I present Essential Classics
every morning from 9:00 until 12:00 on Radio 3. Hello, I’m Jim Crace. I graduated in 1967 with a degree in English literature. After that, I was a journalist
for about 12 years, then I became a novelist. I’m now retired and writing novels as a pastime. APPLAUSE Well, now, playing for Wadham
College, Oxford is a journalist who writes for the
New York Review of Books, in addition to the UK paper
with which he’s most associated. Once a reporter for
The Washington Post, he presents Radio 4’s contemporary
history series The Long View and he writes fiction under
the pseudonym Sam Bourne. His latest is called
To Kill the Truth. With him, a specialist in
infections of the brain. He’s director of
the National Institute’s
Health Protection Research Unit on emerging and zoonotic
infections, where his concerns
include Ebola and Zika. He is also known as the
Running Mad Professor, in which guise he raises
awareness of encephalitis and wins Guinness World Records
at the same time. He’s also a science communicator, appearing frequently on radio
and television. Their captain is now with
The Economist, but began her career on The Times covering East Germany,
the Balkans and Russia, before becoming deputy editor
of The Spectator. She has held a senior position
at the London Evening Standard, for which she still writes
a political column. She is also a regular panellist
on Radio 4’s The Moral Maze. Their fourth player has
gone back to university after a career with the BBC, where his roles included editor
of Radio 4’s Today Programme. The London Olympics happened
under his watch on BBC Sport. He was controller of Radio 5 Live, head of BBC TV News, and sometimes used to fiddle
around on Newsnight, he claims. LAUGHTER Let’s meet the team from
Wadham College, Oxford. Hello, I’m Jonathan Freedland. I studied philosophy,
politics and economics in the late 1980s and I am a columnist
for The Guardian. Hello, I’m Tom Solomon. I graduated with a medical degree
in 1990, and I’m now a professor of neurology
at the University of Liverpool and the Walton Neuro Centre
in Liverpool. This is their captain. I’m Anne McElvoy and I studied German and philosophy
at Wadham in the mid 1980s. A few years on, I’m senior editor at The Economist
and I run Economist Radio, which is our podcasting. Hello. I’m Roger Mosey. I graduated from Wadham in 1979, having read modern history
and modern languages, and I’m now Master of
Selwyn College, Cambridge. APPLAUSE Right, the rules are
the same as ever. Ten points for starter questions,
15 for bonuses. Fingers on the buzzers.
Here’s your first starter for ten. “I felt an obligation to get him
away from a racial stereotype “and instead make him a crazy old
Father Christmas gone wrong.” Those words of the actor Ron Moody
summarise his portrayal of which of Dickens’ characters? Fagin. Fagin is correct. Yes. APPLAUSE So you get the first set of bonuses. They’re on an 18th-century novel,
Wadham. Marking its 300th
anniversary in 2019, which novel did Coleridge
praise for its description of the universal man? EM Forster, on the other hand, dismissed it as
“a Boy Scout manual”. It’s Robinson Crusoe. Robinson Crusoe. Correct. “When my spirits are bad,
Robinson Crusoe. “When I want advice,
Robinson Crusoe. “When I’ve had a drop too much,
Robinson Crusoe.” Those are the words of
Gabriel Betteredge, one of several narrators
in which 19th-century novel? We don’t know. It’s The Moonstone. And finally, if Defoe had really
lived on a desert island, he couldn’t have written
Robinson Crusoe, nor would he have wanted to. Who wrote that in a 1940s piece
discussing intellectual freedom? I’d guess Evelyn Waugh,
but it could be George Orwell. George Orwell. George Orwell is correct. Ten points at stake for this. Meanings of what
seven-letter word include, as a noun, a liquid in which other
substances dissolve and, as an adjective, having assets
in excess of liabilities? Solvent. Solvent is, correct, yes. You get a set of bonuses
on stockings. In Austen’s Sense And Sensibility, which character becomes
seriously ill after walking in wet grass at twilight, and, “By the still greater
imprudence of sitting in her “wet shoes and stockings”? Elinor. No, it’s Marianne Dashwood. Secondly, in Sellar and Yeatman’s
1066 And All That, to which Plantagenet king
do the authors attribute the phrase, “honi soit qui mal y pense”,
which they translate as “Honey, your silk stocking’s
hanging down”? Richard III. No, it’s Edward III.
And finally in the song by Cole Porter, which two
words follow the lines, “In olden days, a glimpse of
stocking was looked on as something “shocking. Now, heaven knows…”? Anything goes. Anything goes. Do
you want to sing it? Ten points for this.
According to folklore, what sweet was created in 1670
at the behest of the choirmaster of Cologne Cathedral to pacify
children in the choir during long services? It was shaped like his shepherd’s
crook to make it more acceptable to the congregation. Liquorice. No, I’m afraid that was
JUST an interruption, so you’re going to have to lose
five points. Candy cane. Candy cane is correct, yes. 15 points for these bonuses, they’re on British wild flowers. White admiral caterpillars
feed exclusively on Lonicera periclymenum, a woody climber known
by what common name? Its scent is strongest at night, enabling it
to attract pollinating moths.Honeysuckle. Honeysuckle.Correct. Primula veris is the scientific
name of what wild flower? Reputed to have a sedative quality, it is sometimes called
St Peter’s keys. THEY WHISPER Camomile. No, it’s cowslip. Also known as ramsons, buckrams,
or bear leek, and often carpeting the ground in areas of woodland,
Allium ursinum has what common name? Bluebells. No, it’s wild garlic. Right, we’ll take a picture round
now. For your starter, you’ll see a photograph of a historically
significant building taken in 1969. For ten points,
I want the building’s name. The Stonewall Club. I’ll accept that, yes,
the Stonewall Inn, I think it is was called. That was a photo showing protesters
in the aftermath of the 1969 police raid on New York’s Stonewall Inn,
which are widely regarded as the catalyst for the modern gay
rights movement. For your picture bonuses, I want you to identify the
locations of three of the world’s biggest gay pride parades,
50 years on. Firstly…Rio. Rio.Rio de Janeiro. No, that’s Sao Paolo. It’s the annual gay pride march
there, which regularly attracts over three million people. Secondly, this city – its parade
is one of the largest in Asia. Taipei, I think. Taipei. It is Taipei, yes. And, finally… Cologne. That is Cologne, about a million
people usually turn up for that one. Ten points for this – what event
inspired the early 19th-century poem that ends,
“Ye are many – they are few”? Present day protesters marked
the bicentenary of the event on a rainy day in August 2019. Peterloo Massacre. Correct. APPLAUSE Right, you get a set of bonuses
this time on Channel 4’s Alternative Christmas Message. Firstly, who in 1993 gave the first
Channel 4 Christmas message? Born on Christmas Day, 1908, he was an author and raconteur
who styled himself, “One of the stately homos
of England.” Quentin Crisp. Correct. Appearing in an animated
series that had been acquired by Channel 4, which character read
the message in 2004, comparing her marriage to that of the Beckhams?Cartoon character… Sorry.I’m guessing Madge. The yellow lady.
Can’t remember her… No, I’m afraid that’s not
specific enough, it’s Marge Simpson.Marge Simpson! Yes.
No, I’m sorry.
You were thinking along the right
lines, but you didn’t get there. And finally, having revealed
the existence of the NSA’s information-gathering programmes in
2013, which US National Security Agency contractor read
the message that year? We don’t know. That was Edward Snowden. Ten points for this. August 2019
saw the 60th anniversary of the release of which celebrated
jazz album recorded by a sextet that included the bassist
Paul Chambers and the saxophonists John Coltrane
and Cannonball Adderley…?Kind Of Blue. Kind Of Blue
is correct, yes.
APPLAUSE You get a set of bonuses or a shared
acronym. Firstly for five points, ICE, I-C-E, is information visible
on the lock screen of a mobile phone that enables first responders
to contact next of kin. For what do the letters ICE
stand in this context?In case of emergency. Correct.An ice table is used for tracking
the stages of a chemical reaction. In this context, for what
do the letters ICE stand?No. No, we don’t know.It’s initial change in equilibrium. And finally, in the UK, the ICE
is an independent association of which professionals? Thomas Telford became its
first president in 1820. Institute of Civil Engineers. Correct, yes, Institution
of Civil Engineers, yes. Ten points for this.
Prominent in the summer of 2019, which cricketer’s
profile begins, “An unexpected star,” and continues,
“thrust to prominence by Somerset’s “decision to gamble on turning
wickets at Taunton, “he bowled in spectacles,
giving him the air of…”? Jack Leach. Jack Leach is correct, yes. You get three questions
on revolutions in 1989 for your bonuses, Wadham.
In which country did the self-governing trade union
movement Solidarity comprehensively win elections in June 1989,
effectively ending Communist rule?Poland. Correct.By what term is the bloodless
overthrow of communism in Czechoslovakia more commonly known? It resulted in Vaclav Havel
being elected president.The Velvet Revolution. Correct.Which dictator was overthrown
in December 1989 in Romania, the only country which saw
a violent uprising?Nicolae Ceausescu. Correct.We’re going to take a
music round now. For your music starter, you’ll hear
a piece of popular music. For ten points, please identify
the band or its lead singer. GUITAR INTRO # Foxey # Foxey… # Led Zeppelin. Nope. Anyone like to buzz from Wadham? You may not confer,
one of you may buzz. Deep Purple. No, that was the
Jimi Hendrix Experience. But we’ll take the music
bonuses in a moment or two. Ten points at stake for this. Pot, kettle and black can all be
followed by what word to make, respectively, two terms for
geological features created by erosion and…?Hole.
Hole is correct, yes.
OK, a moment or two ago,
we were listening to Jimi Hendrix. His performance closed the Woodstock
festival, which marked its 50th anniversary in 2019. For your bonuses, you’re going to
hear three more pieces from bands or artists who performed
at Woodstock. Five points for each
you can identify. Firstly… SITAR PLAYS Ravi Shankar. Correct. Secondly. # Sweeping cobwebs from
the edges of my mind # Had to get away
to see what we could find… # Simon and Garfunkel. No, that was Crosby, Stills & Nash. And, finally, I want the name
of this band’s lead singer who performed at the festival. # And each time I tell myself
that I think I’ve had enough # But I’m gonna show you, baby,
that a woman can be tough # I want you to come on, come on,
come on, come on and take it… # OK. Tina Turner. No, that was Janis Joplin.
Of course it was. Right, ten points for this…
BUZZER RINGS Sorry, I pressed my thing. Ten points for this.
Richard Arkwright and John Kay developed the water frame
textile spinning machine in which city on the River Ribble?
In 1889, its football team… Derby. No, you lose five points. In 1889,
its football team won the inaugural English Football League
Championship. Is it Blackburn? No, it’s Preston.
Ten points for this. The daughter of the sun god Helios
and a nymph, which figure in Greek mythology is the title character
of a novel by Madeline Miller? She changed the companions
of Odysseus into swine. Circe. Circe is correct, yes. These bonuses are on a writer,
Wadham. Singin’ And Swingin’ And Gettin’
Merry Like Christmas is the third of seven
autobiographical works published between 1969 and 2013 by which writer? Sorry. That’s Maya Angelou. In the 1950s, Angelou took part in a prolonged
international tour as a performer in which folk opera set
in Catfish Row, Charleston?Porgy And Bess. Correct.Angelou’s 1995 poem,
A Brave And Startling Truth, commemorates the 50th anniversary
of which organisation? I want to say the NAACP, but… The United Nations. Correct. Ten points for this. Doctor, Daddy, Gardener,
Servant, Porter and Victim are among the screen roles
of which British actor between 1954 and 1990, each role appearing
in the film’s title?Dirk Bogarde.
Your bonuses are on the 2019
Tour de France. In July 2019, Egan Bernal became the first person
of what nationality to win the Tour de France? Columbia. Correct. Which team-mate of Bernal came
second in the 2019 Tour, having won the race in 2018? Delgado. No, it’s Geraint Thomas. And finally, for a record seventh
time, the Slovakian Peter Sagan won which Jersey awarded
to the best sprinter? The green jersey. The green jersey is correct, yes. We’re going to take another picture
round. For your picture starter, you’ll see a painting. For ten
points, please name the artist. Van Dyck. No. Anyone like to buzz? Hals. Frans Hals. No, it’s Velazquez. So we’re going to go on then
and take the picture bonuses in a moment or two. But in the meantime, here’s a
starter question. Including dresses designed for Princess Margaret
and Margot Fonteyn, the V&A’s 2019 exhibition Designer of Dreams
charted the history and legacy of which French couturier
who died in 1957? Coco Chanel. No, anyone like to buzz from Wadham? Dior. It was Christian Dior, yes. That means that you get the picture
bonuses. You’ll recall we saw a portrait by Velazquez, one
of the first paintings on display at the Museo del Prado
on its opening in 1819. Your picture bonuses – three more works from the collection
of the Spanish royal family on which the museum was founded. Name the artists in each case,
firstly… No. That’s by Titian,
the Emperor Charles V. And, secondly… Botticelli. No, that’s by Poussin. And, finally, who’s this by? Renoir. No, that’s by Goya. Right, ten points for this. What is the common name
of the native British reptile Anguis fragilis? Though it
has no legs and resembles a snake, it is classified…Slow worm.
Slow worm is correct, well done.
Your bonuses, Birmingham City, are
on chemical elements named after geographical places. In each case, identify the place
from the description. Firstly, a capital city in Western
Europe, after which the element lutetium is named. Any thoughts? We’re guessing Stockholm. No, it’s Paris. What is the English
name of the island country from which the transuranic element
nihonium derives its name? No, we don’t know. That’s Japan. And, finally, from
which Mediterranean island does the element copper derive its name?Cyprus?
Cyprus. Cyprus is correct. Ten points for
this, three minutes to go. What island gives its name to the
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty that includes
South Stack Lighthouse, Carmel Head and Holyhead Mountain? It’s the largest AONB in Wales. Anglesey. Anglesey is correct, or Ynys Mon. Right, these bonuses are on animated
films with titles that include the word Christmas. In each case, name
the film from the description. Firstly, a 1993 film written
by Tim Burton, its voice cast includes
Danny Elfman and Catherine O’Hara. The Night Before Christmas. No, it’s The Nightmare
Before Christmas. Secondly, a 2011 film with voice
cast including James McAvoy, Imelda Staunton and Bill Nighy. The Grinch That Stole Christmas? No. Sorry. The Grinch That Stole Christmas. No, it’s Arthur Christmas. And, finally, a 2009 film
directed by Robert Zemeckis, Gary Oldman and Bob Hoskins
are among the voice cast. That’s not Christmas… It needs to have Christmas
in the title. Come on. The Grinch That Stole Christmas,
again. No, it’s A Christmas Carol. Ten points for this. Which British
architect’s commissions have included the Reichstag
building in Berlin…? Norman Foster. Norman Foster is correct. You get a set of bonuses
now on imperial units that are still widely used
in the UK. In each case, give the unit
from the description. Firstly, the imperial unit
that is the weight of approximately 60 raisins. LAUGHTERAn ounce. Correct.Secondly, a unit equal to the
area of 66 cricket pitches using the dimensions laid down
in section six of the MCC laws. Hectare? British equivalent… An acre. It is an acre, yes. And, finally, the imperial
unit that corresponds to 96 imperial teaspoons. LAUGHTER Come on.A pint. It is a pint, yes.
Ten points for this.
Often grown indoors during
the Christmas season… GONG APPLAUSE Well, bad luck, Bunny, I’m sure
you were going to buzz in correctly, but you’re too late, I’m afraid. The answer, of course,
is poinsettia, which is doubtless what you were getting to say. But we shall have to say
goodbye to you, Birmingham. Thank you very much for joining us. You didn’t have to do it,
it was jolly sporting that you did. Wadham, we shall see whether 160 is
enough to make the cut as one of the four highest-scoring winning teams,
but thank you for joining us, too. I hope you can join us next time
for another first round match. But, until then, it’s goodbye
from Birmingham City University. Goodbye. It’s goodbye from Wadham College,
Oxford. ALL: Goodbye. And it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye.

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